The resulting set of agreements (SALT I) included the Ballistic Missile Systems (ABM) Treaty and the Interim Agreement and Protocol on the Limitation of Strategic Offensive Weapons. Both were signed by President Richard M. Nixon for the United States and Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, for the U.S.S.R. on May 26, 1972 at a summit in Moscow. However, a broad coalition of republicans and conservative Democrats has become increasingly skeptical of the Soviet Union`s crackdown on internal differences, its increasingly interventionist foreign policy and the treaty review process. On December 17, 1979, 19 Carter Senators wrote that « the ratification of a SALT II treaty will not reverse the development of the military balance that is detrimental to the United States. » On December 25, the Soviets invaded Afghanistan, and on January 3, 1980, Carter asked the Senate not to consider SALT II for its advice and approval, and it was never ratified. Washington and Moscow then pledged to abide by the terms of the agreement, although it did not enter into force. Carter`s successor, Ronald Reagan, a vocal critic of SALT II during the 1980 presidential campaign, agreed to respect SALT II until it expired on December 31, 1985, while he followed the Strategic Arms Treaty (START) and argued that research conducted under the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) maintained the 1972 ABM Treaty. Johnson`s successor, Richard Nixon, also believed in SALT, and on November 17, 1969, formal SALT talks began in Helsinki, Finland. Over the next two and a half years, the two sides negotiated whether or not each nation should finalize its ABMs plans; Reviewing a contract And the United States feared that the Soviets would continue to build more submarine-launched ballistic missiles. Nixon and Soviet Secretary General Leonid Brezhnev signed the ABM Treaty and the SALT Interim Agreement on May 26, 1972 in Moscow.
The Strategic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) were two bilateral conferences and international treaties that involved the United States and the Soviet Union, the Cold War superpowers, on the issue of arms control. Both roundtables and agreements focused on SALT I and SALT II. On May 27, President Reagan announced that the United States would no longer respect the treaty`s limits. The President stated that the USSR had not respected its political commitment to respect the provisions of the treaty and had not demonstrated its willingness to obtain further agreements on arms reductions. He went on to say that the United States would base its decisions on its strategic troop structure on the nature and extent of the threat of Soviet strategic forces and not on standards in the SALT structure. He said the United States would not use more SNDVs or strategic ballistic warheads than the USSR to protect strategic deterrence. Negotiations continued from November 17, 1969 to May 1972, in a series of meetings that began in Helsinki, with the U.S. delegation led by Gerard C. Smith, Director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency.