In order to promote international commercial arbitration in India, in order to develop a comprehensive arbitration ecosystem, the government is establishing the New Delhi International Arbitration Centre (NDIAC) as a legal seramic body. The Commercial Courts Act 2015 has been further amended and legislation to further amend the 1996 Arbitration and Conciliation Act is under way. These initiatives are being taken to promote the settlement of trade disputes between the two and the international community in India through the ADR arbitration, arbitration and mediation mechanism. A new chapter (IIIA) has been introduced in the Commercial Courts Act 2015 to obtain mandatory mediation and settlement before the institution in certain categories of cases. As a result, the provisions of the Convention are consistent with national legislation and efforts to strengthen alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. However, it is not clear how the courts will set out the Singapore Convention or how often it is invoked in practice. As one commentator notes, a 500-member poll from the region, commissioned in 2016 by the Singapore Academy of Law, showed a clear preference for international trade arbitrations, with 71% preference for arbitrations, 24% in favour of mediation. Interviewees noted opposability, confidentiality and fairness as key factors in the mediation arbitration decision. On 20 December 2018, the UN General Assembly adopted the UN Convention on International Comparison Agreements, which stems from mediation (« convention »). On 20 December 2018, the UN General Assembly adopted the UN Convention on International Comparison Agreements, which stems from mediation (« convention »). The General Assembly approved the opening of the agreement to signature at a signing ceremony to be held on 7 August 2019 in Singapore and will be known as the Singapore Convention on Mediation. Background: The EU cabinet has authorised the signing of the UN Agreement on International Comparison Agreements (UNISA) resulting from the mediation of the Republic of India to be held in Singapore on 7 August 2019. The Convention provides a uniform and effective framework for the implementation of international settlement agreements arising from mediation and to enable parties to avail themselves of such agreements, as provided for by the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitration Awards (New York, 1958) (the « New York Convention ») for arbitrations.